The study of anthropology is the science of human beings in all its aspects, both physical (evolutionary, anatomical, , physiological, morphological, etc.) and cultural (geographical, psychological, socio-religious, etc.). Anthropology defines humanity through a combination of several various human and natural sciences. The term anthropology comes from two Greek words, anthropos meaning man (in the generic sense) and logos meaning “specialty” study (or science). Studying anthropology takes three to four years.
This discipline is particularly anthropological facts, being specific to humans. It is based on the combined studies of different recent and ancient societies, data obtained from ethnology and researches that analyzes how unique human spirit is between different cultures.
Early anthropologists relied on second-hand documents obtained from third parties. The work is divided between different workers, a category assigned with collecting information and another group that interprets them. This was practiced in several areas of Europe until 1914. The figure of the “anthropologist Room” (armchair anthropologist) including James George Frazer figure is a dominant archetype.
Ethnography is the branch of the discipline that deals with the systematic collection of field data. It can use drawings, photography, music notation and the collection of objects.
The primacy of physical anthropology
Polysemy of the word “anthropology” makes it difficult for a strict definition varying largely through time space. Contemporary anthropology is dependent on numerous and varied sources and the definition of a genealogy is itself a particular challenge in the discipline.
In the eighteenth century, assigns a relative convergence of anthropology the study of Man in its various aspects through methods of natural science. It directly or indirectly questions human nature, makes him lose the privileged position it occupied in the creation in Christian theology.
Picture via Flickr.com von Michael McCartyBestimmte Rechte vorbehalten